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M325

Medium temperature, slightly textured, plastic, semi-vitreous, yellow-buff burning, fine grogged, general purpose native stoneware. M325 is a general purpose material and it is a mix of two of our plastic stoneware clays, a silty stoneware, and a unique low-melting plastic buff burning material similar to the well known Lincoln 60 fireclay. It has 6% added fine grog to open the body up to give it a better drying properties. The body burns a yellowish-buff color that is quite a bit darker than M340 but much lighter than our tan-firing M350.

Process Properties

M325 is quite plastic and its unique working properties are the main reason for its use. Even though it does have some fine grog added, you will not be able to detect it easily for most types of work. The body dries quite well considering its plasticity.

One area of concern is that the grog will tend to produce rough glaze surfaces on areas where the glaze is thin (i.e. the lips of functional ware). Thus occurs as sharp grog particles expose themselves above the glaze surface as the latter thins during firing. Avoid sponging rims on dry or leather hard ware since this tends to remove fines and expose grog particles even more.

Firing


Cone 6

M325 fires to a yellowish buff color from cone 3 to 4, then as temperature reaches cone 5, the effect changes toward grey buff. From cone 6 to 7 it is a stone-grey. At cone 8 it is unstable; sometimes it will produce a vitrified material, other times it will begin to bloat. If you are not using M325 primarily for its fired color, you might try M340 instead. M340 is smoother and thus better for the production of functional ware.

M325 requires no special treatment for firing. It is the material of choice only if you require the dark yellow-buff fired color. Otherwise we recommend you use M340 for functional ware.

Glazing

Since M325 has a small amount of fine grog added to the recipe you might find that it tends to cause certain glazes to pinhole. If this is the case consider soaking your kiln at the final temperature to give the glaze a chance to level out and heal imperfections left from gases bubbling through. We have found that automatic kiln controllers work extremely well for this. If glaze pinholing is still a serious problem you might consider using our M340.

M325 should work with the same glazes as most of our other middle temperature bodies. However, since it fires to a darker color you might find that certain colored glazes or underglaze decorations might be subdued. This happens because the iron in the M325 muddies the purity of other coloring oxides. If this happens use a white slip on the clay surface or try another light firing clay body.

Glaze Recipes

You can develop a compatible glossy or matte base for this body from our suggested starting point base recipes available on our Internet web site at http://digitalfire.com/education/glaze/cone6.htm. Information is given on how to fit the glaze to your body and how to customize it it for colors, opacity, speck, variegation, etc. For slip decoration, be careful to match drying and fired shrinkage of the slip with the body since low temperatures generate little glass to adhere the slip.

Physical Properties

 Drying Shrinkage: 6.0-7.0%
 Water Content: 20.5-21.5%
 Drying Factor: C120-C130
 Dry Density: n/a

Sieve Analysis (Tyler mesh):

     +48: 0.1-0.5%
   48-65: 2.0-3.0
  65-100: 2.5-4.5
 100-150: 2.0-4.0
 150-200: 4.0-6.0
 200-325: 7.0-10.0

Fired Shrinkage:

 Cone 4: 3.0-4.0%
 Cone 5: 4.0-5.0
 Cone 6: 4.5-5.5
 Cone 7: 4.5-5.5

Fired Absorption:

 Cone 4: 5.0-7.0%
 Cone 5: 3.5-4.5
 Cone 6: 2.5-3.5
 Cone 7: 1.5-2.5

Chemical Analysis

 BaO       0.3
 CaO       0.2
 K2O       2.3
 MgO       0.9
 Na2O      0.2
 TiO2      0.6
 Al2O3    18.2
 P2O5      0.0
 SiO2     68.6
 Fe2O3     1.5
 MnO       0.0
 LOI       7.2%

Logo Plainsman Clays Ltd.
702 Wood Street, Medicine Hat, Alberta T1A 1E9
Phone: 403-527-8535 FAX: 403-527-7508
Email: plainsman@telus.net
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